Advantages and disadvantages of carbon dating
For example: C has long been used as a tracer for chemical processes and pathways, the amount of tracer required using decay counting can be hazardous to the researchers, pose contamination problems or, in some cases, itself influence the process being studied.AMS allows very low levels of tracer to be used, completely avoiding these problems.At the terminal they pass through either a very thin carbon film or a tube filled with gas at low pressure (the stripper), depending on the particular accelerator.Collisions with carbon or gas atoms in the stripper remove several electrons from the carbon ions, changing their polarity from negative to positive. The positive ions are then accelerated through the second stage of the accelerator, reaching kinetic energies of the order of 10 to 30 million electron volts. This problem is solved in the tandem accelerator at the stripper –if three or more electrons are removed from the molecular ions the molecules dissociate into their component atoms. The kinetic energy that had accumulated up to now is distributed among the separate atoms, none of which has the same energy as a single C from the more intense "background" caused by the dissociated molecules on the basis of their kinetic energy.
At the kinetic energies typically used in an AMS system it is possible to use well-established nuclear physics techniques to detect the individual C ions as they arrive at a suitable particle detector.
After another 5,730 years only one-quarter of the original carbon-14 will remain.